The percentile formula calculator will find the score for the desired percentile for a data set. First, enter the data set and desired percentile and you’ll get the answer. Then, you will get a step-by-step explanation on how to do it yourself. The desired percentile represents the percent of numbers in the data set that have values at or below the number that we’ll calculate.

Afterward, see the Percentile Rank Calculator if you have a score and need to find its percentile rank. You GOT this!

### Answer:

The 42nd percentile is: **199**

### Solution:

In this problem, you want to find the 42nd percentile in the data set. At least 42% of the data values will be less than this number.

Take note that there are 10 data values in this data set. Therefore, $N = 10$.

We need to sort them in ascending order.

$
100, 109, 120, 166, 199, 203, 208, 210, 261, 272 $

The **index** of the sorted data set represents the position. The first number, 100 has an index of 1, the second, 109 has an index of 2, etc. To find the index of the 42nd percentile, apply the formula
$$ i = \frac{p}{100} \cdot N $$

where **i** represents the index. Substituting in the values for this problem, we have
$$ i = \frac{42}{100} \cdot 10 $$
$$ i = 4.2 $$

If i were an integer, the percentile would be found by taking the average of the data values at positions i and i + 1 in the sorted data set. Since i is not an integer in this problem, we round i **up** to the nearest whole number.
$$ i = 5 $$
Counting 5 data values in the sorted data set from the beginning, the data value at position 5 is 199.

Therefore, the 42nd percentile is: **199**