The 5 number summary calculator will show you a step by step way to find the min, Q1, median, Q3, and max values in a set. After finding Q1 and Q3, it will also find the interquartile range.

After finding the 5 number summary, another helpful resource is the Percentile Formula Calculator and the Percentile Rank Calculator. We make Statistics easy… You GOT this!

### 5 Number Summary / Interquartile Range Calculator

### Answer:

The 5 number summary of the data values:

Min: 103

1st quartile: 168.5

Median: 212

3rd quartile: 254.5

Max: 273

Interquartile range: 86

### Solution:

To find the 5 number summary of a data set, you need to find the smallest data value (minimum), the 25th percentile (Q1 - the first quartile), the median (25th percentile, Q2, the second quartile), the 75th percentile (Q3 - the third quartile), and the largest data value (maximum).

Take note that there are 17 data values in this data set. It's helpful to sort them in ascending order.

$$
103, 142, 163, 165, 172, 181, 198, 203, 212, 228, 238, 244, 253, 256, 261, 268, 273 $$

**Min and Max:**

Once the data is sorted, it's easy to see that the minimum data value is **103** and the maximum data value is **273**.

Median:

The median of a data set is found by identifying the middle number in a sorted data set. If there are an odd number of data values in the data set, the median is a single number. If there are an even number of data values in the data set, the median is the average of the two middle numbers.

Since there is an odd number of data values in this data set, there is only one middle number. With 17 data values, the middle number is the data value at position 9. Therefore, the **median is 212**.

**Q1, 25th percentile**

To find the first quartile, or 25th percentile, list all the numbers in the data set from position 1 to position 8. These are the positions in the data set that are less than the position of the median.

$$
103, 142, 163, 165, 172, 181, 198, 203, $$

Now, we find the median of this smaller data set. That is the **first quartile, Q1**.
Since there is an even number of data values in this data set, there are two middle numbers. With 8 data values, the middle numbers are the data values at positions 4 and 5. These are 165 and 172. The median is the average of these numbers. We have $$ {\frac{ 165 + 172 }{2}} $$
Therefore, **Q1, the 25th percentile, is
$$ 168.5 $$**.

**Q3, 75th percentile**

To find the third quartile, or 75th percentile, list all the numbers in the data set from position 10 to position 17. These are the positions in the data set that are more than the position of the median.

$$
228, 238, 244, 253, 256, 261, 268, 273, $$

Now, we find the median of this smaller data set. That is the **third quartile, Q3**.
Since there is an even number of data values in this data set, there are two middle numbers. With 8 data values, the middle numbers are the data values at positions 4 and 5. These are 253 and 256. The median is the average of these numbers. We have $$ {\frac{ 253 + 256 }{2}} $$
Therefore, **Q3, the 75th percentile, is
$$ 254.5 $$.**

**Interquartile range:**

To find the interquartile range, subract Q1, 168.5, from Q3, 254.5. $$ 254.5 - 168.5 = 86 $$